5 Common Causes of Gum Recession

Dentist checking the gums

Gum recession refers to the process in which the gum tissue wears away or shrinks, gradually exposing the lower part of a tooth. Factors that range from heredity to lifestyle choices can contribute to this common dental problem. A cosmetic dentist from Gio Dental at Station Landing in Medford, MA shares the primary reasons your gum tissue may pull away from your teeth.

1. Insufficient oral care

Inadequate oral hygiene can encourage dental plaque to change into tartar. This hard substance on and between teeth can increase your risk for gum recession. Also, poor oral health can lead to gum disease, which is the leading cause of recession. The infection destroys the teeth’s supporting structure and causes the gum tissue to pull away.

2. Aggressive brushing

Overly enthusiastic brushing or flossing can cause tooth enamel to wear away and the gums to recede. Brushing the wrong way can also contribute to gum recession. To protect your gum tissue, use a soft-bristled brush and be gentle on your choppers.

3. Genetics

Genes determine the gum tissues’ characteristics. Some individuals are born with thin or weak genes. Their genes may then predispose them to receding gums. Also, your genes may make you more susceptible to periodontal disease, which consequently increases your risk for recession.

4. Bruxism

Teeth grinding and clenching can put undue force on your teeth and cause your gums to recede. If you have this habit, talk to your dentist about mouth guards and other treatment options.

5. Hormonal fluctuations

Some women experience gum recession during pregnancy and menopause. The hormonal changes during these stages often make gums more sensitive and susceptible to recession.

The prevention and treatment of this dental issue depend on the cause. If you think your gums are receding, talk to a dentist as soon as possible. The professional will examine your gums and advise the best way to avert more dental problems and improve your smile.